What is a Private Proxy: Comprehensive Guide

Back to blog
Proxy 101

In today’s world, digital technologies have penetrated all spheres of life. The concept of privacy and security on the Internet is becoming increasingly important. In this context, understanding the role of private proxy servers becomes critical. They often remain in the background, unnoticed by ordinary users. However, they play a crucial role in ensuring anonymity and security while surfing the net.

These services are an intermediate link between the user and the Internet resource. It allows you to hide the user’s real IP address and route their Internet requests through remote servers. This creates an additional layer of protection by providing anonymity and circumventing restrictions.

In this article, we will delve deeper into the world of technology and find out what is a private proxy. We will also compare the benefits of private proxy vs. shared proxy.

Private Proxy Explained

The primary function of private proxy servers is to hide the user’s real IP address. It also provides an alternate address that you can use when accessing web resources. This allows users to bypass censorship and geographical restrictions in some countries and websites. Thus, they give access to content that may not be available due to any restrictions or blockages.

Another significant benefit is the increased level of anonymity of the user on the Internet. Since a proxy server masks the real IP address, detecting and tracking activity is difficult. This is especially important in Internet marketing, competitor analysis, and bypassing security.

In addition, private proxies can be useful in web development and testing. They allow developers to test websites from different geographical locations. Private proxy IP addresses also provide security when collecting data from web resources.

But, it is essential to realize that not all private proxies are equally reliable. Choosing the right provider and type of proxy depends on the specific needs and goals of the user. Remembering that they must be legal and comply with online privacy rules and policies is also important. For example, if you need a quality US Proxy, try to find a provider with a good reputation. In summary, private proxy servers offer many features and benefits in internet security and anonymity. Ordinary users widely use them to bypass censorship and in business and web development for various purposes.

  • HTTP 

This type works at the application layer and actually works to bypass website filters and control access. HTTP proxies are often used to anonymize web surfing.

  • SOCKS 

SOCKS proxies work at a lower level and are useful for routing any network traffic.  Even including traffic from other applications, not limited to web browsers.


These proxies serve to encrypt the connection between the client and the server. This greatly increases the security of data transmission.

Private proxy explained

Private Proxy Servers

As we have mentioned earlier, private proxy servers allow you to redirect user requests to another server. In this case, the user’s IP address is hidden, and the server to which the request is sent sees only the IP address of the proxy server. And if you want to know more about what is a private proxy, then let’s take a look at their features.

Private proxies have several advantages, including:

  • Anonymity 

When using a private proxy, your real IP address remains hidden from the servers you connect to. This can be useful for protecting your privacy online.


  • Accessing blocked resources

Some websites or applications may not be available in some countries or regions. Using such services can help you access these resources.


  • Performance Improvement

Using this technology can improve performance when connecting to remote servers. This is because the proxy server may be closer to you than the remote server.


  • Scalability

Private proxies are scalable to suit your needs. This means that you can easily add or remove proxies as needed.


  • Data protection

Using private proxies, you can encrypt your network traffic. This provides an additional layer of security, especially when using open Wi-Fi networks.

How Do Private Proxy Servers Work

When you connect to a proxy server, your web traffic routes through that server before reaching the target website. A proxy server performs several functions:

  • It changes your IP address to a proxy server address, hiding your real identity.
  •  The proxy server routes your request to the target website and transmits the response back to you.
  •  Depending on its settings, it can perform extra functions such as content filtering, data caching, or traffic encryption.

Private Proxy IP Address

Private Proxy IP Address

Now that we know and understand what is a private proxy, let’s talk about IP addresses. IP addresses are unique network IDs used to identify devices and computers on the Internet. The main difference between private proxy IP addresses is that they are not publicly available and cannot be freely used by any user. Instead, they are managed by a specific proxy server and are only made available to users who have access to it.

When a user sends a request to the Internet, their request is first routed to private proxy servers. The proxy server then fulfills the request on behalf of the user using its unique IP address. This allows the user to hide their real IP address and remain anonymous online.

Two different versions of the Internet Protocol are now used to identify and route devices on the network. Here is an overview of the main features of each:


  1. An IPv4 address consists of 32 bits, giving approximately 4.3 billion unique IP addresses.
  2. An IPv4 address is represented by four decimal numbers separated by dots, such as “”.
  3. This protocol was the first widely used version of the Internet Protocol and is still in widespread use today. It has a limited number of available addresses, leading to IPv4 address exhaustion.
  4. The limited number of IPv4 addresses creates an IP address shortage problem, and as a result, many devices must use NAT (Network Address Translation) to exchange one common external IP address. This also makes addressing and routing complex in some cases.


  1. An IPv6 address consists of 128 bits, providing a huge number of unique IP addresses (over 340 sextillion addresses).
  2. An IPv6 address appears as eight groups of four hexadecimal characters separated by colons, such as “2001:0db8:85a3:0000:0000:0000:8a2e:0370:7334”.
  3. IPv6 solves the problem of IPv4 address exhaustion. Its infinite address space provides an unlimited number of unique IP addresses. This allows each device on the network to have its own global IP address.
  4. IPv6 provides easier routing and simplified network management. It also has many features, such as stronger encryption and support for multimedia applications.

For the average user, it doesn’t matter whether you use IPv4 proxies or IPv6. Both have their advantages and disadvantages. So, if you don’t know which private proxy IP address to choose, they are both worth your attention.

How to Setup a Private Proxy Server

Setting up a private proxy server can be helpful if you need to ensure anonymity and security while using the Internet. And also if you want to bypass geographical restrictions to access certain websites. In general, it is very easy to do this, but you need to know some subtleties and nuances. 

The steps we are going to describe will help you set up a private proxy server. Remember that using a proxy server must be compatible with the laws of your country and must not violate the rules of your ISP or the websites you visit. Here are the following necessary steps for setting up private proxy servers.

Selecting proxy server software

First, select the software (software) for your proxy server. There are many options available. Your choice will depend on your needs and operating system.

Server selection

Choose a hosting provider and rent a virtual private server (VPS) or a dedicated server. It is important to choose a server in a country or region that meets your requirements (for example, to bypass geographical blocking).

Software installation and configuration

Install the selected proxy software on your server. Then, configure it according to your needs by specifying the port to be used for connections and security settings.

Configuring the client device

Set up your device (computer, smartphone, or other) to use your proxy server. In the network settings, specify the IP address and port of your proxy server.

Testing and monitoring

After setting up the proxy server, test it to make sure it works properly and provides the required anonymity and connection speed. Monitor the server to check its stability and performance on a regular basis.

Ensuring security

Be sure to keep your proxy server secure. Regularly update your software, configure your firewall, and take other measures to protect your server from potential threats.


From this article, we learned what is a private proxy, all the nuances, and even how to start your own server. But is it worth spending so much time if you can use other services?

Proxy-Cheap is a proxy provider that offers a variety of solutions, including residential proxies, data center proxies, and mobile proxies. They have a large network of proxies in over 195 countries, and they offer a variety of pricing plans to fit your needs. Proxy-Cheap is a great option for businesses and individuals who need to increase their online privacy and security.



Is a private proxy more secure than a public proxy?

Yes, a private proxy is more secure than a public proxy. Public proxies are available to many users, which increases the security risk and can be slower and less reliable. Private proxies provide more control and privacy.

Can I use a private proxy for streaming content?

Yes, you can use a private proxy to stream content. Private proxies can bypass geographical restrictions and provide anonymity. However, make sure your proxy has sufficient bandwidth and speed for streaming.

Do I need technical expertise to set up a private proxy server?

Yes, setting up a private proxy server will require technical expertise and network setting knowledge. But some services make this task much easier, such as Proxy-Cheap.

What is Proxy-Cheap?

Proxy-Cheap is a service providing proxy servers for various online tasks such as web scraping and anonymous access. It offers different types of proxies, including resident and datacenter proxies, for different user needs.

Augustas Frost

Support Manager

Augustas Frost is a valued contributor at Proxy-Cheap, specializing in proxy-related content. With a knack for simplifying complex topics, he's your go-to source for understanding the world of proxies.
Outside his work, Augustas explores the latest tech gadgets and embarking on hiking adventures.